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  • Writer's pictureWendy Bradfield

4 Famous Symbols of Ancient Egypt

Updated: May 9, 2023

Pyramids of Giza

Four of the most recognized symbols of ancient Egypt are still famous after 5,000 years!

After thousands of years, let's learn more about why these symbols still resonate in popular culture.


The Ankh is perhaps the most famous symbol of ancient Egypt.

There is no single meaning as it reflects many aspects of Egypt's history. However, it's universally known as the symbol of eternal life.

Ancient Egyptian Ankh
Ancient Egyptian Ankh, the symbol of eternal life

It represents the cyclical nature of death and rebirth at the core of ancient Egyptian beliefs.

As a unifier of opposites, it represents life in this world and immortality in the next.

It was worn as a protective amulet in life and used to accompany the deceased in death.

Some say it symbolizes the union of heaven and earth, male and female, Osirus and Isis.

As a symbol of eternal life, the Ankh remains a powerful image throughout ancient Egyptian history and popular culture.

Eye of Horus

The Wedjat Eye, more commonly known as the Eye of Horus, means "whole one" and symbolizes protection.

In ancient Egyptian mythology, the god Set stole the left eye of Horus, which symbolizes the moon & rebirth.

Ancient Egyptian symbol
Eye of Horus, a symbol of protection

The gods Thoth and Hathor restored it. His right eye represents power and the morning sun.

The all-seeing eye of the falcon god offered the highest protection to the Pharaoh.

Falcon cults were popular since late predynastic times, and the Wedjat Eye or Eye of Horus was a widely worn amulet of protection.

So enduring is the Eye of Horus that it's an everyday fashion accessory or, more so, a popular tattoo choice.

The Eye of Horus is a striking image as powerful today as it was in ancient Egypt.

Djed Pillar

Ancient Egyptian Djed Pillar
Djed Pillar, a symbol of strength and stability

The Djed is a pillar-like hieroglyph representing stability, strength, and permanence - all qualities associated with the Pharaoh.

The Djed pillar also represents the backbone of the god Osiris.

Osiris is the ancient Egyptian gatekeeper of the afterlife and god of the dead.

Some mythology says the remains of Osiris were protected within a giant tamarisk tree and that it symbolized a pillar holding up the world's sky.

Tyet Knot

Tyet or Isis Knot, a symbol of healing and resurrection

The Tyet Knot, also known as the Isis Knot, is associated with Isis, the goddess of magic, healing, and motherhood.

It symbolizes healing, magic, and resurrection. Some say it's a possible variant of the Ankh but much older.

It was also used as a decorative symbol often seen with the Ankh or the Djed, as seen here on the outer shrine of Tutankhamun.

King Tut's outer shrine with Tyet Knots and Djed Pillars

Many theories surround the meaning of the Tyet from how it was used in magic to funerary amulets and even resembling the female reproductive organs.

The Tyet knot evolved to suit the needs of ancient Egyptians from the Predynastic Period to the New Kingdom and was an enduring symbol of healing, resurrection, and magic.

Final thoughts

These symbols share themes dominant in ancient Egypt: eternal life, magic, healing, and stability. Five thousand years later, we're still drawn to the images worshipped in antiquity.

I hope you enjoyed learning more about the mysteries of ancient Egypt!

Camel at the Pyramids of Giza

*All photos by the author

I need coffee strong enough to wake up my ancestors! You can buy me one here if you enjoy my scribblings! Many thanks, xoxo

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